BECA is the latest of four basic defense agreements between the two countries, which allow for a much higher level of military cooperation in the fields of defense technology, interoperability and production. In late 2014, New Delhi asked the Pentagon for a « no-paper » on the basic agreements, but things only accelerated after then-Defense Minister Manohar Parrikar visited the United States in December 2015. The signing of these agreements is mandatory for the United States under U.S. law in order to form military alliances related to the export of sensitive equipment. • BECA is the last of four core agreements signed between India and the United States to strengthen defence relations. Among the other three agreements are: • The two QUAD partners have also focused on strengthening engagement with their other two QUAD partners, Australia and Japan. Australia has also been included in the Malabar War Games that will take place next month near Indian waters. The four quad nations will participate in the Malabar military exercise. India and the United States on Tuesday finally signed the long-outstanding Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA) for cooperation within the apparatus, the last of the three main fundamental agreements between the two countries. After the BJP government led by Narendra Modi came to power, the first of the three agreements, the Memorandum of Understanding on the Exchange of Logistics (LEMOA), was signed in 2016. This was followed by the Communication Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA), signed in 2018. There are three agreements that the United States calls fundamental agreements. They are: they are signed by the United States with other countries with which they have close relations in the military field.

These agreements are signed in order to lay the foundations and promote interoperability between the military by developing common systems and standards. They also serve as a guide for the sale and transfer of high-end technologies. The Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Understanding (LEMOA), an optimized Indian version of the Logistics Support Agreement (LSA), was the first « core agreement » signed by India and the United States. The signing of BECA will enable India and the United States to act together and be in a better position to shape the regional and global environment for peace and stability. However, the two countries should not glorify this signing, because these agreements are not an end in themselves, but a means to achieve a greater end – the security and prosperity of their citizens.